The analysis of mine/ERW victims data in B&H shows that the patterns of accidents are mainly of seasonal nature, with the greatest number of accidents in the autumn and spring, during agricultural works and firewood collecting. The second biggest cause of accidents is the scrap metal collecting.
An analysis shows also a high gender-specific pattern in which adult men consistently represent the most vulnerable group as direct victims.
Also, an additional analysis carried out by BHMAC shows that the vast majority of accidents occur when male persons walk into known dangerous areas for existential needs. While it is important to note that adult men represent the vast majority of mine/ERW victims, it is important to know that whenever an accident occurs in which a foster family member receives fatal injuries or he/she is a seriously injured, other family members (sometimes referred to as “indirect victims”) are generally largely endangered since the responsibility for income and care for the family is thus often changed greatly. It is also important to understand the psychological and psycho-social consequences of mine survivors and endangered family members and to ensure that their needs are covered in this way by the proper assistance.
The largest number of deaths was caused by the explosion of anti-personal jumping mine of Yugoslav production, PROM-1 , which has a deadly radius of action in a circle of 22 m. Generally, there is a UPROM-1 and UPMR-3 lighter. When a trigger mechanism is activated, one or two seconds later a pyrotechnic mixture is activated, after which an explosive charge of mine is started. The intention of this time-frame deceleration is that the target exits the upward firing path, allowing maximum spray speed. A rope attached to the ground determines the height at which the explosion occurs. PROM-1 can have a noticeable pull-out wire or a pendent lighter assembly. The extensive metal content of the mine is facilitated by detection by a mine detector.
In the postwar period, 1,758 persons were killed, out of which 614 were fatal.
During the humanitarian demining operations in BiH, 123 deminers were killed, out of which 74 deminer with fatal outcome.
In 2018, 3 mine incidents were reported in BiH, in which 1 person was killed and 3 persons were injured.
Despite the signs of mine warning, due to the poor economic situation in the country, the population of BiH is deliberately entering into suspected risk areas for firewood cutting or scrap metal collecting .
Since the beginning of the war, if we look at the gender, until now, there have been a total of 608 females, or 9.50% of the total number of people who have been killed.
Assistance to mine victims is a comprehensive process involving government and NGO sectors, while the assistance provided is implemented through a medical, psychological, social and economic component. The focus of assistance to mine victims relates to the complete socio-economic reintegration of mine victims into society.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
BiH became a party to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol after signing the Convention in 2009 and ratified it in March 2010. BiH submitted a report on the implementation of the Convention in March 2013.
Both entities in BiH have adopted their strategies for improving the position of persons with disabilities.
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